Sump Pumps

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What is a Sump Pump?

A Sump Pump is a device that collects excess moisture and water – that accumulates from outside the home – and stores it in a basin until it is full. The entire sump unit then evacuates the water to a place outside of the home. A sump pump system is the necessary implement that any home needs, in order to prevent flooding in a home or basement.

Definition:
Sump: a pit or reservoir serving as a drain or receptacle for liquids.

Rhino Foundation Systems provides the complete consultation and installation of  new Sump Pump Systems.

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How Do Sump Pumps Work?

When the sump basin collects enough water to a fill line, a pump switch triggers, and the pump activates (turns on). Water is then pushed out through a discharge pipe and safely deposited away from the home. Inside the basin, when the water level drops (due to the water being pumped out) it will reach a certain low level, and then automatically shut off.

This same cycle continues over and over again, with the sump pump being constantly on-guard, waiting for the sump unit to perform its function… to collect and evacuate unwelcome moisture from a home.

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Below is a detailed, step-by-step of how the entire system works:

The downpour caused by a rainstorm, the eruption of a broken sprinkler, over-watering of a lawn, clogged drains, or a hose that is left on for days, etc,….all of these can lead to water saturating the soil beside and underneath a house. Gravity will allow droplets of moisture, puddling or standing water to seep down to and underneath a home’s foundation. As water builds momentum through gravity, hydrostatic pressure causes it to press against foundation walls, floors, and joints – where walls and floors meet. This pressure can cause cracks or fissures, and since water always takes the path of least resistance, this moisture creeps in.  As it starts to penetrate through a foundation wall or floor, a French drain or other interior drainage system will help to quickly collect that moisture, channel it through a pipe that is dug out at a slant (so that gravity will take over) and deliver the excess water down into the Sump Pump basin.

Experience has taught homeowners that water can seep in anywhere – especially if there are cracks…. near the foundation, under walls, into crawl spaces, or under flooring, etc. So an interior drainage system that collects water – whether it is tiny droplets, small puddles, or even a trickle –the unwanted water must go somewhere, and so with a properly-installed Sump Pump from Rhino Foundation Systems, it is deposited into an underground unit – where it is automatically expelled.

Where is a Sump Pump Located in a home?

Sump pumps are housed in a specially constructed unit called a sump pit, below the main surface of a basement. They are situated in this place in a home so that they (through gravity) can be a receptacle for excess water from drains; and then the liquid is quickly pumped out of the pit and outside, away from the house. Their sole purpose is to move water that accumulates in and around a foundation – and to collect it in the tank, whether it be drain-off from a basement, a drain configuration, or where a home is absent a piping system that moves water into a drain system.

Sometimes a home’s basement is at or below the water table in a neighborhood. If perhaps a home was built, and there wasn’t a sump pump previously installed, then as a necessity to be able to keep unwanted moisture out of a home, a new sump pump is necessary.

Can a new Sump Pump be installed after a house is built?

Absolutely. Adding a sump pump to an existing basement is what Rhino Foundation Systems does, day in and day out. Especially if there is the hint of moisture or water in a basement, an interior drainage system and sump pump should be added as soon as possible. Again, once water starts to get in, it can wreak havoc on a home – not to mention the basement, foundation, walls, crawl spaces, and sub floors.

If there is any question as to whether a home needs a sump pump, or even a new unit, Rhino techs are available to come take a look – at no charge.

Where should water going out from a sump pump be deposited outside?

Sump pump water should go out of the discharge pipe to a designated area 10 – 20 feet outside of the home. The pipe should discharge into a dry well, a creek or pond, or even a neighborhood drain. 

Note: It is imperative to make sure that the drain point is placed somewhere so that the discarded liquid won’t seep back into the home. Some cities and municipalities have strict building codes that determine where a home’s sump pump can drain, so it is always best to check with local government offices.

Sump pumps are crucial to a home’s ability to collect, channel, and discard excess water and moisture. Through years of experience in shoring up foundations for countless homes, we’ve witnessed that if a basement is unprotected, water can quickly form around the underneath parts of a home, penetrate into the foundation, and eventually flood that basement, causing untold damage. This possible devastating damage due to undesired water is the reason that we do our utmost best to ensure that we install for homeowners – the most efficient Sump Pump and interior drainage systems possible.

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